A web client is receiving a response for a web page from a web server. From the perspective of the client, what is the correct order of the protocol stack that is used to decode the received transmission?

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  • Post last modified:16 January 2024
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A web client is receiving a response for a web page from a web server. From the perspective of the client, what is the correct order of the protocol stack that is used to decode the received transmission?

  • Ethernet, IP, TCP, HTTP
  • HTTP, TCP, IP, Ethernet
  • Ethernet, TCP, IP, HTTP
  • HTTP, Ethernet, IP, TCP
Explanation & Hints:

The correct order of the protocol stack from the perspective of a client receiving a response for a web page from a web server is:

  1. Ethernet
  2. IP (Internet Protocol)
  3. TCP (Transmission Control Protocol)
  4. HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol)

When a web client receives data from a web server, the data is processed in this order:

  • Ethernet Layer: This is the first layer involved in the process. It deals with the hardware level and is responsible for the transmission of data packets over the network.
  • IP Layer: After the Ethernet layer, the IP layer takes over. It’s responsible for routing and delivering packets to the correct destination across networks.
  • TCP Layer: Once the IP layer has routed the packets to the correct destination, the TCP layer ensures reliable transmission of data. It assembles the packets in the correct order and checks for errors.
  • HTTP Layer: Finally, the HTTP layer is where the data is interpreted as a web page. This layer is responsible for the format and transmission of web content.

Thus, the correct order is “Ethernet, IP, TCP, HTTP.”

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